Requirement for Balance: At least 2 courses must be taken from among either the Primary Required and/or Elective course list in each philosophy, political science, and economics, except where a course from the approved list of "Other PPE Courses" is taken as a substitute elective or an exception is granted by the philosophy, politics, and economics program director.
Requirement for advanced courses: At least 3 courses from the Primary Required Course list or among Elective courses must be passed at or above the 3000 level.
Philosophy, politics, and economics majors may not minor in either philosophy, political science or economics.
Other PPE courses may substitute for courses listed as Elective Courses at the discretion of the PPE program chair and only if approved by the PPE program chair, consistent with the set of courses approved by the program faculty for this purpose. These courses may be taken as part of the PPE major program only if the prerequisites for the course designated by the course's originating program are completed in advance. Consult the university website and advising materials for other courses already approved as possible PPE electives.